Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Leucoptera laburnella

Leucoptera laburnella (Stainton, 1851)

laburnum leaf-miner

Leucoptera laburnella mine

Genista tinctoria, Amstelveen, JP Thijssepark

young mine

Leucoptera laburnella mine

Laburnum anagyroides, Amsterdam

Laburnum anagyroides, IJzevoorde, coll. JHH Zwier; young mine


The very first part of the mine is a densely contorted corridor of about 2 mm long, that quickly turns brown. It is followed by a more or less straight corridor of c. 10 mm, entirely filled with greyish green frass. This suddenly widens into a round blotch that during its expansion overruns the earlier corridor and in the end may occupy half of a Laburnum leaflet. The frass, greenish at first, black later, is deposited in the blotch in roughly concentric arcs, glued to the upper epidermis. Pupation external, exit slit in upper epidermis.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Astragalus; Cytisus supinus; Genista tinctoria; Laburnocytisus adamii; Laburnum alpinum, anagyroides; Lupinus polyphyllus; Petteria ramentacea.

Mey (1994a) also mentions “Laburnum coggyria”; is is unclear what is meant thereby.


Larvae in June – July and in September (Emmet, 1985a; Wörz, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Europe, but missing in European Russia and in the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Described by Patočka (1997a, 2000a) and Patočka & Turčáni (2005a); rear half of abd. 8 scabrous (difference with L. genistae).


Cemiostoma laburnella; Leucoptera wailesella (Stainton, 1858).

parasitoids, predators

Cirrospilus pictus, vittatus; Elachertus inunctus; Hemiptarsenus wailesellae; Pnigalio soemius.


Askew (1968a), Baldizzone (2004a, 2008a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1970a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Borkowski (2003a), Bouček (1959a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Buszko (1981a, 1992b), Davis (1987a), Emmet (1985), van Frankenhuyzen (1973a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Grandi (1931a, 1933a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1933b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Klimesch (1942a, 1950c, 1957a, 1958c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Mey (1994a), Michalska (1972a), van Nieukerken (2006a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka (1997a, 2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2014a), Robbins (1991a), Seidel (1926a), Seven (2006a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Thomann (1956a), Wörz (1957a), Zoerner (1969a).

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