Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Leucoptera lotella

Leucoptera lotella (Stainton, 1859)

little bent-wing

on Dorycnium, Lotus, Securigera

Leucoptera lotella: mine on Lotus corniculatus

Lotus corniculatus, Belgium, prov. Namur, Philippeville, RN les Tournailles, 17.vii.2018 © Stéphane Claerebout

Leucoptera lotella: mine on Lotus corniculatus

mine in backlight

Leucoptera lotella mine

Lotus corniculatus, Belgium, prov. Liège: Ben-Ahin, Lovegnée-Bosquet © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Leucoptera lotella mine

Lotus uliginosus, Belgium, prov. Brabant, Cortil-Noirmont © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Leucoptera lotella mine

mine, lighted from behind

Leucoptera lotella: vacated mine on Lotus sp.

Lotus sp., Drachten © Gerrit Tuinstra: the elongated form of the frass grains seems to be a charater of Leucoptera species.

Leucoptera lotella: young mines

Lotus sp., Drachten © Gerrit Tuinstra: young mines of the second generation, early August


Egg at the upperside of the leaf. The mine is an upper-surface blotch without anything like a preceding corridor. The blotch is about circular, but my have broad lobes. Black frass grains lie in indistinct arcs or spirals, glued to the upper epidermis, and forming a dark central patch. The larva can leave a mined leaf, and restart elsewhere. Pupation external.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Dorycnium pentaphyllum & subsp. germanicum; Lotus corniculatus, maritimus, pedunculatus; Securigera securidacea, varia.

Mey (1994a) also mentions “Coronilla hispida”; it is unclear what is intended here.


Larvae in July; sometimes a second larva generation in August – September (Emmet, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Denmark to Portugal, Italy, and Croatia, and from Britain to Poland and Hungary (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Described by Patočka (2000a) and Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Buszko (1981a, 1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Chowaniec & Larysz (2024a), Coenen (1994a), Corley (2005a), Corley, Merckx, Cardos ao (2012a), Emmet (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen (1973a), Hering (1933b, 1957a), Huemer (2007a), Kasy (1965a, 1987a), Klimesch (1950c, 1957a, 1958c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Mey (1994a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), Patočka (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Vávra (2016a).

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