Leucoptera lustratella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)

on Hypericum

Leucoptera lustratella: mine on Hypericum perforatum

Hypericum perforatum, Belgium, prov. Limbourg, Heusden-Zolder, Terril Lindeman, 1.viii.2015 © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Leucoptera lustratella: mine on Hypericum perforatum

same mine in backlight

Leucoptera lustratella: mine on Hypericum perforatum

Hypericum perforatum, Belgium, prov. Namur, Jemelle © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Leucoptera lustratella: occupied mine on Hypericum perforatum

mine lighted from behind

Leucoptera lustratella: frass

detail: individual frass grains are grey and rod-like

Leucoptera lustratella: mine on Hypericum perforatum

a leaf may be completely mined out

Leucoptera lustratella mine on Hypericum maculatum

Hypericum perforatum, Belgium, prov. Namur, Chevetogne © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Leucoptera lustratella: mines on Hypericum perforatum

Hypericum perforatum, Belgium, prov. Namur, Nismes: a larva is just about to penetrate into a new leaf; from van Nieukerken (2006a)

mine

Upper surface brown blotch, small and round at first. It is enlarged by lobe-like extensions in all directions, that later coalesce. Mostly the mine begins in the leaf tip. Frass concentrated in the centre of the mine. Pupation mostly within the mine, in a whitish cocoon. The larva is capable of leaving a leaf that has been mined out, and restart elsewhere (van Nieukerken, 2006b).

hostplants

Hypericaceae, monophagous

Hypericum hirsutum, maculatum, montanum, perforatum.

phenology

Larvae in June and September (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from France to Belarus and Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

See Dziurzynski (1957a).

pupa

Described by Patočka (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Cemiostoma lustratella.

notes

The mine can be confused with the mine of Fomoria septembrella, but that one has a long, winding, initial gallery.

references

Beiger (1955a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1964a), Buszko (1981a, 1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Dziurzynski (1957a), Drăghia (1968a), van Frankenhuyzen (1973a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hering (1933b, 1957a), Klimesch (1957a, 1958c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Mey (1994a), Michalska (1970a, 1976a), van Nieukerken (2006a), Patočka (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Szőcs (1977a).

mod 26.xi.2018