Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Leucoptera spartifoliella

Leucoptera spartifoliella (Hübner, 1813)

broom bent-wing

on Cytisus, Genista

Leucoptera spartifoliella gall on Cytisus scoparius

Cytisus scoparius, Belgium © Stéphane Claerebout

Leucoptera spartifoliella: gall on Cytisus scoparius


Leucoptera spartifoliella: egg


Leucoptera spartifoliella: cocoon

Cytisus scoparius, Belgium, prov. Brabant Wallon, Rosières-Saint-André © Jean-Yves Baugnée: pupation in a conspicuous, snow-white cocoon


Oviposition on a young shoot. The larva leaves the egg without filling it with frass, and the empty, dull-white egg shell often drops off. The first section of the is a shallow, sinuous gallery running upwards between the ridges of the shoot. Later the gallery becomes deeper, sometimes changes direction, and is no longer influenced by the ridges.
The mine strongly resembles the one of Agonopterix assimilella and Trifurcula immundella. In the case of Trifula, the egg is filled with frass when it is left by the larva, and remains as a black, shiny semi-globule at the start of the gallery, even after the mine has already been vacated. Moreover, generally the gallery of immundella runs downwards (Emmet).

host plants

Fabaceae, narrowly oligophagous

Cytisus praecox, scoparius, striatus; Genista radiata, tinctoria.


Larvae from September till April, May. Pupation external.



distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).


Described by Emmet (1985a); see also Schmid.


Described by Patocka (2000a).

parasitoids, predators

Necremnus metalarus.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1937a), Buszko (1981a, 1992b), Deschka (1972c), Emmet (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen (1973a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gebiola, Bernardo, Ribes & Gibson (2015a), Hering (1923a, 1933b), Huisman & Koster (2000a), Klimesch (1957a), Leutsch (2011a), Mey (1994a), Muus (2022c), Patočka (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Richards (2022a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Vos (2017a), Waloff (1968a), Wieser (2018a).

Last modified 28.v.2022