Phyllobrostis hartmanni Staudinger, 1867
Oviposition in the leaf tissue. The mine begins a a fine corridor, often following the leaf margin. Next a large, somewhat inflated, full depth, blotch is made, extending from the leaf tip, that in the end may occupy the entire leaf. The mine contains much black frass that is glued to the upper epidermis, giving the mine a blackish appearance; only the sides remain free and are transparent. Pupation external; to leave the mine the larva makes a slit in the leaf margin, close to the leaf base.
Daphne alpina, cneorum, striata.
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Germany to Italy, and from France to Slovakia (Mey, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Described by Staudinger (1867a) and (Mey, 2006a): amber yellow with brown head; two blackish brown spots on the pronotum. Body short, densely hairy; “hairs” about 1/6th of the normal setae. Pictures in Schmid.
Described by Patočka (1997a, 2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
Huemer (1986b) found young mines in masses on Daphne striata, immediately after the snow had disappeared, at 1750-2250 m alt.
Amsel & Hering (1933a), Arbeitsgemeinschaft Microlepidoptera in Bayern (2013a), Baryshnikova (2007a), Buszko (1981a), Buvat & Nel (1999a), Hering (1924b, 1957a), Huemer (1986b), Klimesch (1950c, 1957a), Liška ao (2000a), Mey (2006a), Patočka (1997a, 2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schmid (2019a), Staudinger (1867a), Szőcs (1977a).