Paraswammerdamia nebulella (Goeze, 1783)

hawthorn ermine

Paraswammerdamia nebulella mines

Sorbus aucuparia, Wellerlooi: three mines

Paraswammerdamia nebulella mine

detail

Paraswammerdamia nebulella egg

detail: egg

mine

A tiny, full depth, very irregular gallery; frass only in the first section; hibernation under a tiny spinning, attached to a twig; after hibernation the larvae live free under a spinning.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cotoneaster horizontalis; Crataegus monogyna; Sorbus aucuparia.

phenology

Mining larvae probably late in autumn; the literature does not state that explicitely.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010). (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Mediterranean, and from Ireland to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

pupa

Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Paraswammerdamia lutarea (Haworth, 1828).

references

Agassiz (1996a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Corley (2005a), Huemer (1988a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pinzari, Pinzari & Zilli (2013a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Wegner (2010a).

mod 23.x.2019