Yponomeuta malinellus Zeller, 1838

apple ermine

Yponomeuta malinellus

Malus domestica, België, Liége, April © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Yponomeuta malinellus

same mine, lighted from behind

Yponomeuta malinellus

the young larvae live gregariously in the mine

Yponomeuta malinellus

very young larvae


After the hibernation in spring the larvae make small full depth mines, that may merge sometimes into a large orange brown blotch. Soon they live free in an extensive communal web.


Rosaceae, monophagous

Malus domestica, sylvestris.

Hering (1957a) mentions, next to Malus also Pyrus. This may be due to xenophagy, but perhaps also is due to a confusing nomenclature: Pirus malus = Malus spec.


Larvae from autumn till May; mining in early May (Agassiz, 1996a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Body pale yellowish green with two rows of large black spots; head, prothoracic and anal plates brownish black.


See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1935b), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a), Wörz (1957a).

mod 18.ii.2018