Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Atemelia torquatella

Atemelia torquatella (Lienig & Zeller, 1846)

northern ermel

Atemelia torquatella mine

Betula pubescens, Ede

Atemelia torquatella mine

same mine, underside


A very clear blotch, without preceding corridor, usually harbouring several crimson marbled larvae. The mine mostly begins near the base of the midrib. Most frass is ejected from the mine, but part of the grains are trapped in a loose spinning below the leaf, that has been made by the larvae during excursions. The larvae can leave their mine and restart elsewhere. They hibernate individually in a discoid cocoon.

host plants

Betulaceae, Ulmacee; narrowly polyphagous

Alnus; Betula nana, pendula; Ulmus “campestris”, minor.

In Britain normally only on Birch. However, in Schotland a larva has been found mining on Myrica gale, that completed its development on that plant (Beavan & Heckford, 2012a).


Larvae in August – September (Agassiz, 1996a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Macedonia, and from Britain to northern Russia and Hungary (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Illustrated by Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Agassiz (1996a), Bachmaier (1965a), Beavan & Heckford (2012a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1935a), Corley, Rosete, Gonçalves ao (2016a), Grandi (1931a, 1933a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921b, 1927b, 1930e, 1957a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Kozlov, van Nieukerken, Zverev & Zvereva (2013a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein, Gielis, Huisman, ao (1988a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lhomme (1934b), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman, Koster, Kuchlein, van der Wolf & Wolschrijn (1993a), Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a, 2013a), De Prins, Steeman & Sierens (2015a), Ritter (1931a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1951b), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Viramo (1962a), Wörz (1957a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 18.ii.2020