Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Prays ruficeps

Prays ruficeps (Heinemann, 1854)

dark ash-bud moth


Oviposition on the fruit stalk. From there a short gallery runs up. It soon sinks in; the larva eventually feeds on the seed

host plants

Oleaceae, monophagous

Fraxinus excelsior.


Larvae in July – August; possibly a later generation as well, of which the larvae live in the buds (Hering, 1957a).


BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees, Alps, and Hungary, and from Britain to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Described by Patočka (1999b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Prays rustica, rusticus Haworth, 1828.


Not a leafminer!


Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Hering (1957a), Huemer (2012a), Huisman & Koster (1995a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a, 2004a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Leutsch (2011a), Patočka (1999b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Schütze (1899a), Skala (1951b), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Wörz (1957a).

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