Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pseudoswammerdamia combinella

Pseudoswammerdamia combinella (Hübner, 1786)

copper-tipped ermine

Pseudoswammerdamia combinella mine

Prunus spinosa, Nieuwendam


The young larva makes a full depth blotch. Most frass is ejected by a slit in the epidermis. Later the larva life free in a web, often communally (Agassiz, 1996a).

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Prunus domestica, spinosa.


Larvae in July – September (Agassiz, 1996a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to Spain, Sardinia, Sicily, and Macedonia, and from Ireland to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Body dull yellowish, dorsal line yellowish green, a subdorsal line of dull red dots. Head pale yellowish (Agassiz, 1996a).


See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Paraswammerdamia combinella.


Aarvik, Bakke, Berg ao (1997a), Agassiz (1996a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Huisman & Koster (1994a, 1999a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Huisman & Koster (1994a, 1999a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken ao (2006a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Wieser & Huemer (1997a).

Last modified 9.ii.2020