Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Yponomeuta cagnagella

Yponomeuta cagnagella (Hübner, 1813)

spindle ermine

mine

Small, full depth blotch, mainly in the younger leaves. The larvae soon start living free, making the well-known collective spinnings that can shroud entire shrubs.

host plants

Celastraceae, monophagous

Euonymus europaeus, japonicus, verrucosus.

phenology

Larvae mine in April-May (Agassiz, 1996a; Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

pupa

Illustrated by Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Yponomeuta cagnagellus; Y. cognatella Treitschke, 1932.

references

Agassiz (1996a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2011a), Fazekas (2009a), Gershenson, Pavlíček, Chikatunov & Nevo (2002a), Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Embacher & Kurz (2008b), Hering (1957a), Huemer (2012a), Jurc (2016a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Leutsch (2011a), Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Segerer & Reichholf (2004a), Szőcs (1977a).

Last modified 10.iii.2020