Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Yponomeuta cagnagella

Yponomeuta cagnagella (Hübner, 1813)

spindle ermine


Small, full depth blotch, mainly in the younger leaves. The larvae soon start living free, making the well-known collective spinnings that can shroud entire shrubs.

host plants

Celastraceae, monophagous

Euonymus europaeus, japonicus, verrucosus.


Larvae mine in April-May (Agassiz, 1996a; Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Illustrated by Patočka (1997a, 1999b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Eupelmus barai.


Yponomeuta cagnagellus; Y. cognatella Treitschke, 1932.


Agassiz (1996a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2011a), Fazekas (2009a), Fusu (2017a), Gershenson, Pavlíček, Chikatunov & Nevo (2002a), Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Embacher & Kurz (2008b), Hering (1957a), Huemer (2012a), Jurc (2016a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz & Horvat (2010a), Leutsch (2011a), Patočka (1997a, 1999b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Segerer & Reichholf (2004a), Šumpich (1998a), Szőcs (1977a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Last modified 23.ii.2023