Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Yponomeuta evonymella

Yponomeuta evonymella (Linnaeus, 1758)

bird-cherry ermine

on Prunus

Yponomeuta evonymella

Haarlemmermeer, © Laurens van der Linde

Yponomeuta evonymella larva

Prunus padus © Petr Kapitola, State Phytosanitary Administration, Czechia,


According to Robbins (1991a) the young larvae, after their hibernation, make small full depth blotch mines, that sometimes coalesce. However, Agassiz (1996a) writes that the young larva mines in a shoot, causing it to droop, and Hering (1957a) does not even mention the species. The older larvae live in extensive groups in the well known large webs.

host plants

Rosaceae, narrowly monophagous

Prunus padus.

Also reported from Prunus avium, cerasus, domestica, laurocerasus, and serotina, and even from Sorbus aucuparia; whether these are normal hostplants is doubtful.


Larvae from late autumn till June.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

Probably all Europe, with possible exception of parts of the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Body greenish, later brownish green, with on each segment a pair of large, black subdorsal spots. Head, prothoracic and anal plates black.


See Patočka (1997a), 1999b, Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Hyponomeuta, Yponomeuta, evonymellus.


Abras, Fassotte, Chandelier & Cavelier (2008a), Agassiz (1996a), Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Huemer (2012a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka (1997a), Meijer, Smit, Beukeboom & Schilthuizen (2012a), Patočka (1999b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Schmid (2019a), Segerer & Reichholf (2004a), Seguna (2007a), Šumpich (1998a), Thomann (1956a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Last modified 3.ix.2023