Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Yponomeuta evonymella

Yponomeuta evonymella (Linnaeus, 1758)

bird-cherry ermine

Yponomeuta evonymella larva

Prunus padus © Petr Kapitola, State Phytosanitary Administration, Czechia, Bugwood.com

mine

According to Robbins (1991a) the young larvae, after their hibernation, make small full depth blotch mines, that sometimes coalesce. However, Agassiz (1996a) writes that the young larva mines in a shoot, causing it to droop, and Hering (1957a) does not even mention the species. The older larvae live in extensive groups in the well known large webs.

host plants

Rosaceae, narrowly monophagous

Prunus padus.

Also reported from Prunus cerasus and domestica, and even from Sorbus aucuparia; whether these are normal hostplants is doubtful.

phenology

Larvae from late autumn till June.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

Probably all Europe, with possible exception of parts of the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Body greenish, later brownish green, with on each segment a pair of large, black subdorsal spots. Head, prothoracic and anal plates black.

pupa

See Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Hyponomeuta evonymellus.

references

Abras, Fassotte, Chandelier & Cavelier (2008a), Agassiz (1996a), Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Huemer (2012a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Segerer & Reichholf (2004a), Seguna (2007a), Thomann (1956a).

Last modified 10.iii.2020