Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Yponomeuta malinellus

Yponomeuta malinellus Zeller, 1838

apple ermine

Yponomeuta malinellus

Malus domestica, België, Liége, April © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Yponomeuta malinellus

same mine, lighted from behind

Yponomeuta malinellus

the young larvae live gregariously in the mine

Yponomeuta malinellus

very young larvae

mine

After the hibernation in spring the larvae make small full depth mines, that may merge sometimes into a large orange brown blotch. Soon they live free in an extensive communal web.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Malus domestica, sylvestris; Pyrus communis & subsp. pyraster, nivalis.

phenology

Larvae from autumn till May; mining in early May (Agassiz, 1996a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Body pale yellowish green with two rows of large black spots; head, prothoracic and anal plates brownish black.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

references

Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1935b), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Hering (1957a), Jurc (2016a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Segerer & Reichholf (2004a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a), Thomann (1956a), Wörz (1957a).

Last modified 10.iii.2020