Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Yponomeuta malinellus

Yponomeuta malinellus Zeller, 1838

apple ermine

Yponomeuta malinellus

Malus domestica, België, Liége, April © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Yponomeuta malinellus

same mine, lighted from behind

Yponomeuta malinellus

the young larvae live gregariously in the mine

Yponomeuta malinellus

very young larvae


After the hibernation in spring the larvae make small full depth mines, that may merge sometimes into a large orange brown blotch. Soon they live free in an extensive communal web.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Malus domestica, sylvestris; Pyrus communis & subsp. pyraster, nivalis.


Larvae from autumn till May; mining in early May (Agassiz, 1996a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Body pale yellowish green with two rows of large black spots; head, prothoracic and anal plates brownish black.


See Patočka (1999b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Yponomeura malinella.

parasitoids, predators

Dibrachys microgastri; Elasmus flabellatus, longiclava, nudus, steffani; Eupelmus barai, messene.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1935b), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Fusu (2017a), Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Hering (1957a), Jurc (2016a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka (1999b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Segerer & Reichholf (2004a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Šumpich (1998a), Szőcs (1977a), Thomann (1956a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Wörz (1957a).

Last modified 6.vii.2022