Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Heringocrania unimaculella

Heringocrania unimaculella (Zetterstedt, 1839)

white-spot purple

Heringcrania unimaculella: occupied mine on Betula pendula

Betula pendula, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Meerhout, de Hutten © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Heringocrania unimaculella: mine

Betula, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Mouscron, Kleiputten van de Sterreberg © Christophe Gruwier


Large, white, full depth blotch along the leaf margin. Frass in long threads. Old mines wither and desintegrate, and cannot be found any more later in the summer. The mine can only be identified when a larva is available.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula pendula, pubescens.


Mines from end-April till end-May (Heath, 1983a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees, Alps, and Romania, and from Ireland to South Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Eriocrania unimaculella.


Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1935a), Buschmann & Pastorális (2015a), Heath (1983a), Hellers (2016a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Toll (1959a).

Last modified 27.xii.2019