Nemophora bellela (Walker, 1863)

on Betula

parasite

Probably the young larva makes leaf mines in dwarf birch. The older larva lives in an elongated case, feeding on dead plant material.

host plants

Betulaceae, narrowly monophagous

Betula nana.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva, pop

See Ahola ao.

Nemophora bellela: larval case

case (from Ahola ao).

references

Ahola, Davis, Itämies ao (2017a).

mod 1.viii.2019