Antispila metallella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

four-spot lift

on Cornus

Antispila metallella mine

Cornus sanguinea, Nieuwendam

Antispila metallella mine

same mine, detail

Antispila metallella mine

Cornus sanguinea, Gulpen; coll. JC Koster, herbarium material

mine

Initially a short corridor close to the leaf margin, suddenly widening into a large blotch, that often overruns the corridor. Finally the larve makes an oval excision of 5.5-7 mm long, and drops with it to the ground. In this excision, that now functions as a case, the larva continues, living free. Before the onset if winter pupation takes place within the case (Kuchlein & van Frankenhuyzen, 1999a).

In preparation of the oviposition, the female makes number of “test punctures”, that often can be seen as a curving row of 2-7 brown spots perpendicular to the initial corridor (Heath & Pelham-Clinton, 1976a).

host plants

Cornaceae, monophagous

Cornus alba, mas, sanguinea.

Also found on C. sericea by Ben van As.C. sanguinea is the most important host plant by far.

phenology

Mining larvae in July – August (Heath & Pelham-Clinton, 1976a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE Uncommon, first found as late as 1950 (Doets, 1950a), but sometimes locally numerous.

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Pyrenees, Italy and Romania, and from Britain to Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009; van Nieukerken ao, 2012a); Iberia (Laštůvka & Laštůvka, 2015a).

larve

synonyms

Antispila pfeifferella Hübner, 1813.

references

Ahr (1966a), van As & Ellis (2004a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Doets (1950a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 1971a), Dziurzynski (1958a), Grandi (1931a, 1933a), Heath & Pelham-Clinton, 1976a), Hellers (2016a), Hering (1924a, 1957a, 1961a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huisman & Koster (1994a, 1995a)m Kolbeck, Lichtmannecker & Pröse (2005a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & van Frankenhuyzen (1999a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2015a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Michna (1975a), van Nieukerken, Wagner, Baldessari ao (2012a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1949a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Szőcs (1977a, 19981q), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 9.i.2019