Antispila treitschkiella (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1843)
Cornus mas, Nieuwendam; early October 2009 the species again reached pest densities; almost no leaf was less heavily infested (this leaf moreover had been visited by a leafcutter bee [Megachile]).
Cornus mas, Nieuwendam: vacated mine
young mine with larva
Cornus mas, Romania, Bacau distr., Hemeius: cut-out case with larva © Camelia Ureche
Oviposition usually close to the leaf margin. From there starts a corridor of about 1 cm; it contains much frass, is often somewhat tortuous in its beginning and as a role closely follows the leaf margin. After a moult the direction reverses (picture) and the larva starts making a full depth blotch that can become several cm long and wide. Here the frass is lying in scattered grains. The full grown larva covers an oval section at the margin of the blotch with a light brown pergamon-like layer of silk, cuts this loose and drops within it to the ground. The excision that is made is about 4-4.5 mm long.
Contrary to A. metallella the female does not makes “test punctures” before oviposition (Dziursynski, 1958a; Heath & Pelham-Clinton, 1976a). Also contrary to metallella the larva has a row of black spots on all abdominal segments, easily visible without opening the mine. (The larva usually lies belly-up in the mine.)
Cornaceae, narrowly monophagous
Bivoltine. Larvae of the first generation are found from June to July, a second
generation from August until early November; it is possible that generations may overlap.
Hibernation as larva, in the case (Kuchlein & van Frankenhuyzen, 1999a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
The species was first recorded in the Netherlands in the nineties, and almost immediately became a common species(Kuchlein & van Frankenhuyzen, 1999a). From 2003 here and there mass occurrences were seen (van As & Ellis, 2004a).
distribution within Europe
South of the line Britain – Ukraine, but missing in the Iberian Peninsula and the Mediterranean Islands.
Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
Antispila stachjanella Dziurzynski, 1948.
Usually the oviposition is close to the leaf margin; but in some Dutch populations about 50% of the mines is free from the leaf margin.
For almost sixty years this species has been confused with A. petryi. This should be kept in mind when utilising the list of references below.
van As & Ellis (2004a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1935a), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Corley, Marabuto Pires (2007a), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Dziurzyński (1948a, 1952a, 1958a), Embacher, Kurz & Zeller-Lukashort (2004), Heath & Pelham-Clinton (1976a), Hellers (2016a), Hering (1957a, 1961a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1986b), Huisman & Koster (1995a), Huisman ao (2005a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1950c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & van Frankenhuyzen (1999a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lhomme (1934c), Kurz & Kurz (2007a), Kvičala (1938a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), van Nieukerken, Lees, Doorenweerd ao (2018a), Parenti & Varalda (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins (2007a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1949a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Starý (1930a), Steuer (1995a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Ureche (2010a), Zoerner (1969a).