Antispilina ludwigi Hering, 1941

Antispilina ludwigi mines

Bistorta officinalis, Germany; from Hering (1941a)

mine

The mine begins at a brown oviposition scar (Heliozelidae do have an ovipositor), mostly not far removed from the midrib. From this point a full depth blotch develops in all directions. Mostly there are several in a leaf, often coalescing. In the centre of the individual mines, around the oviposition scar, a strong accumulation of blackish green granular frass. Here eventually a round or oval excision is made, in which the larva drops to the ground, then pupates.

host plants

Polygonaceae, narrowly monophagous

Bistorta officinalis.

phenology

Larvae in July.

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

Germany, Poland, Czechia (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Green, without thoracic feet or prolegs.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

notes

Exceptionally rare.

references

Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1964a), Hering (1941a, 1957a), Liška ao (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Skala (1949a).

mod 6.x.2018