Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Heliozela sericiella

Heliozela sericiella (Haworth, 1828)

oak satin lift

on Quercus

Heliozela sericiella vacated mine

Quercus robur, Belgium, Hainaut, Antoing © Steve Wullaert

Heliozela sericiella mine

Quercus suber, Spain, north of Barcelona: the gallery in the midrib here is unusually long, and does not look galled © Chris Snyers


The larva bores in the petiole, or even in the bark of a twig. Its activity causes the petiole to swell gall-like. When almost full grown the larve moves through the midrib a short distance into the blade. Here a small blotch is made, from which an oval excision is cut, of c. 2-3 x 4-5 mm. Thus sandwiched it drops to the ground and pupates, awaiting hibernation.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, x hispanica, lusitanica, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur, suber.


Larvae in June – July Emmet, 1983c).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Docters van Leeuwen, 1936a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


The biology and morphology of all stages are extensively discussed by Prota (1962a).


Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Heliozela stanneella (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1841).


Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1936a, 1964a, 1965a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Docters van Leeuwen (1936a), Emmet (1983c), Hellers (2016a), Hellrigl (2010a), Hering (1934a, 1957a), Hofmann (1871a), Houard (1908a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a) , Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Pröse (1981a), Prota (1962a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Roskam (2009a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1949a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Tavares (1905a), Tomasi (2014a), Tomov & Dimitrov (2007a), Tourlan (2013a), Williams (2010a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Last modified 21.vii.2021