Holocacista rivillei (Stainton, 1855)

Holocacista rivillei: mines on Vitis vinifera

Vitis vinifera, Italië, Rovereto; from van Nieukerken ea (2012a).

Holocacista rivillei: mine on Vitis vinifera

Vitis vinifera, Italy, Vicenza, Borghetto © Erik van Nieukerken

Holocacista rivillei: mines on Vitis vinifera

an occupied mine, another already with an excision

mine

Initially a relatively long, narrow corridor with a broad frass line. The corridor widens into a full depth transparent blotch with dispersed frass. In the end an oval excision is cut from the blotch, in which the larva drops to the ground and where pupation takes place. Often a number of mines in a leaf (up to over 250: Parenti & Varalda, 2000a).

hostplants

Vitaceae, monophagous

Vitis vinifera.

phenology

From May on in 2-4 generations (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

southern Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

synonyms

Antispila rivillei.

notes

Sometimes a pest species.

references

Amsel & Hering (1931a), Cean (2014a), Grandi (1931a, 1933a), Hering (1957a), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken, Wagner, Baldessari ao (2012a), Parenti & Varalda (2000a), Skala (1949a).

mod 27.xi.2018