Incurvaria pectinea Haworth, 1828

pale feathered leaf-cutter

Incurvaria pectinea: mines on Betula pendula

Betula pendula, Hungary, Kimle, 28.iv.2018 © László Érsek

Incurvaria pectinea: mines on Betula pendula

detail; note the conspicuous oviposition scars

Incurvaria pectinea: mines on Betula pendula

mined leaf lighted from behind

Incurvaria pectinea:  mining larvae


Incurvaria pectinea:  mining larva

mining larva, dorsal

Incurvaria pectinea:  mining larva

mining larva, ventral

Incurvaria pectinea: mines on Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus, Belgium, prov. Namur, Viroinval, Vierves-sur-Viroin © Stéphane Claerebout

Incurvaria pectinea: occupied mines on Carpinus betulus

larvae in their little mines


Betula pubescens © Rob Edmunds, UK


Alnus glutinosa, Susteren


Robinia pseudoacacia, Vorden


The larva starts making a corridor of a few mm, followed, and mostly overrun, by a circular blotch of 4-5 mm diameter. Often several mines are found in one leaf. Soon they make an excision of almost the same size as the blotch. Sandwiched in this excision they drop to the ground. Their case is enlarged or changed when needed. The feed on dead leaf litter, but have also been observed feeding on living leaves (Beavan & Heckford, 2015a).

host plants

polyphagous on woody plants

Alnus glutinosa, incana; Betula pendula, pubescens; Corylus avellana.

Several European sources add a number of other hostplants: Acer monspessulanus; Carpinus betulus; Cornus sanguinea; Malus sylvestris; Ostrya carpinifolia; Prunus mahaleb; Pyrus communis; Sorbus. Recently found by Rob Edmunds on Tilia cordata and by me on Robinia pseudoacacia.


Mining larvae are found in May and June (Heath & Pelham-Clinton, 1983a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2008).

NE recorded (, 2008).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Almost entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2008).



Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Incurvaria zinckenii (Zeller, 1839).


In the Netherlands an uncommon species, and rather rare particularly in the western part (, 2008).

In the end of May 2008 mines were found in the eastern part of the country on Robinia, a novel host plant. Most larvae already had made their excision, which suggests that they had successfully developed on this host plant.


Ahr (1966a), Baldizzone (2004a), Beavan & Heckford (2015a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2008a), Buhr (1935a,b, 1964a), Dziurzynski (1958a), Edmunds (2007b), Heath & Pelham-Clinton (1983a), Hellers (2016a), Hering (1924a, 1927b, 1934b, 1957a), Huemer (1988a, 2012a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Kozlov, van Nieukerken, Zverev & Zvereva (2013a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Leutsch (2011a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Michna (1975a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Roques, Cleary, Matsiakh & Eschem (2017a), Stammer (2016a), Stolnicu (2007a), Zoerner (1970a).

mod 4.iv.2019