Heliozela sericiella (Haworth, 1828)

oak satin lift

on Quercus

Heliozela sericiella vacated mine

Quercus robur, Belgium, Hainaut, Antoing © Steve Wullaert

Heliozela sericiella mine

Quercus suber, Spain, north of Barcelona: the gallery in the midrib here is unusually long, and does not look galled © Chris Snyers

mine

The larva bores in the petiole, or even in the bark of a twig. Its activity causes the petiole to swell gall-like. When almost full grown the larve moves through the midrib a short distance into the blade. Here a small blotch is made, from which an oval excision is cut, of c. 2-3 x 4-5 mm. Thus sandwiched it drops to the ground and pupates, awaiting hibernation.

hostplants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, x hispanica, lusitanica, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur, suber.

phenology

Larvae in June – July Emmet, 1983c).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Docters van Leeuwen, 1936a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

The biology and morphology of all stages are extensively discussed by Prota (1962a).

pupa

Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Heliozela stanneella (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1841).

references

Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1936a, 1964a, 1965a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Docters van Leeuwen (1936a), Emmet (1983c), Hellers (2016a), Hellrigl (2010a), Hering (1934a, 1957a), Hofmann (1871a), Houard (1908a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lambinon, Carbonnelle & Claerebout (2015a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Prota (1962a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Roskam (2009a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1949a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Tomasi (2014a), Tomov & Dimitrov (2007a), Williams (2010a).

mod 27.xi.2018