Ectoedemia ilicis (Mendes, 1910)

mine

Egg at the upperside of the leaf, mostly next to a vein. The mine is a rather long, initially quite narrow, strongly contorted, gallery. Frass in a very broad central line.

In comparison with E. haraldi the gallery is more contorted and the frass line is more often interrupted (van Nieukerken ao, 2010a).

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus coccifera, ilex, rotundifolia, suber.

phenology

Univoltine, larvae from January till March (van Nieukerken ao, 2010a).

distribution within Europe

Western Mediterranean: southern France and Iberia.

larva

Yellow with conspicuous brown ganglia; head light brown; ventral plates absent.

synonyms

Stigmella ilicis.

references

Corley, Nunes, Rosete & Ferreira (2019a), Hering (1934a, 1957a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2014a), Z & A Laštůvka (2009b), van Nieukerken (1985a, 1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a, 2010a), Skala (1939a).

mod 12.ii.2020