Ectoedemia ilicis (Mendes, 1910)
Egg at the upperside of the leaf, mostly next to a vein. The mine is a rather long, initially quite narrow, strongly contorted, gallery. Frass in a very broad central line.
In comparison with E. haraldi the gallery is more contorted and the frass line is more often interrupted (van Nieukerken ao, 2010a).
Quercus coccifera, ilex, rotundifolia, suber.
Univoltine, larvae from January till March (van Nieukerken ao, 2010a).
distribution within Europe
Western Mediterranean: southern France and Iberia.
Yellow with conspicuous brown ganglia; head light brown; ventral plates absent.
Hering (1934a, 1957a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2014a), Z & A Laštůvka (2009b), van Nieukerken (1985a, 1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a, 2010a), Skala (1939a).