Ectoedemia minimella (Zetterstedt, 1839)

broken-barred pigmy

Betula pubescens, Berkel en Rodenrijs, Ackerdijkse Plassen

mine

Mine begins at a globular, black, lower-surface egg shell. From there starts a short tortuous corridor, that widens into a blotch, often between two lateral veins. Frass dispersed. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Betulaceae, nearly monophagous

Betula nana, pendula, pubescens.

Moreover in the Alps rarely on Alnus viridis and in the British Isles on Corylus avellana.

phenology

Most larvae from July till mid-August, some as late as September (Emmet, 1976a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Wullaert, 2018a).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and northern Russia to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Slovakia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Yellow with light brown head, lies belly-up in the mine. Young larvae with a series of 12 black ventral plates (van Nieukerken, 1985a). See Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) for a description.

synonyms

Ectoedemia mediofasciella auct.; Ectoedemia, Stigmella, woolhopiella (Stainton, 1887); St. viridicola Weber. 1937.

references

Ahr (1966a), Baldizzone (2004a).Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buszko (1987a), Černý (2001a), Diškus, Navickaitė & Stonis (2011a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1927b, 1957a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1948a, 1950c), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Kozlov, van Nieukerken, Zverev & Zvereva (2013a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuchlein-Nijsten (2002a), Kurz (2016a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a), van Nieukerken (1982a, 1986a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a, 2010a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1939a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Viramo (1962a), Wullaert (2018a), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 26.viii.2019