Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ectoedemia quinquella

Ectoedemia quinquella (Bedell, 1848)

five-spot pigmy

Ectoedemia quinquella: mines in Quercus robur

Quercus robur, Delft, Kerkpolder © Ben van As

Ectoedemia quinquella mines

Quercus robur, Staelduinse Bos: mines in green islands © Jan Scheffers

Ectoedemia quinquella mine with larva

larva, with ventral plates

Ectoedemia quinquella: occupied mine on Quercus robur

Quercus robur, Solleveld, 15.xi.2018 © Jan Scheffers: older larva, without ventral plates

Ectoedemia quinquella mine

Quercus pubescens, Britain (Essex) Maldon Wood, leg EJ van Nieukerken, G Bryan & CW Emmet


Contrary to the other Ectoedemia‘s on oak, the egg is deposited at the leaf underside, near a vein. The larva makes a strongly contorted corridor, that is not appreciably widened at its end, or forms just a secondary blotch; often a considerable number of mines in a leaf. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus petraea, pubescens, robur.


Larvae in October-November, in green islands in yellowed, often already fallen, leaves (Johansson ao, 1990a).


BE recorded (Johansson ao, 1990a; De Prins, 1998a; van Nieukerken, 2006a).

NE only rather recently found for the first time (Alders & Donner, 1992a); quickly expanding its local range (Alders, 2006a; van As & Scheffers, 2013a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Britain and France to Italy, Bulgaria and Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2008). Also Iberia (A & Z Laštůvka, 2014a).


Yellow with a dark head; ventral plates conspicuous, black (Gustafsson & van Nieukerken, 1990a). They can easily be confused with the larvae of E. rufifrontella (van Nieukerken ao, 2010a).


Nepticula, Stigmella quinquella.


Alders (2006a), Alders & Donner (1992a), van As & Scheffers (2013a), Corley, Rosete, Marabuto ao (2014a), Emmet (1971a, 1982c, 1983a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1934a, 1957a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2009a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2014a), van Nieukerken (1985a, 1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a, 2010a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Sims (1997a), Skala (1939a), Sønderup (1949a), Steeman & Sierens (2019a), Wullaert (2015a).

Last modified 17.vii.2021