Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ectoedemia spinosella

Ectoedemia spinosella (de Joannis, 1908)

blackthorn pigmy

Ectoedemia spinosella: larve in mine on Prunus spinosa

Prunus spinosa, België, prov. Namen, Couvin, Frasnes © Stéphane Claerebout

Ectoedemia spinosella: mine on Prunus spinosa

Prunus spinosa, Belgium, prov. Namur, Jemelle © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Ectoedemia spinosella:  mine on Prunus spinosa

Prunus spinosa, Belgium, prov. Namur, Chevetogne © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Ectoedemia spinosella mine

Prunus spinosa, Wrakelberg; leg Diersystematiek VU


Egg at the underside of the leaf, usually near the midrib, sometimes a side vein or the leaf margin. The first part of the mine is a narrow gallery, almost completely filled with reddish frass; the corridor is strongly contorted, almost forming a secondary blotch. The continuation is somewhat less contorted, and here the frass leaves clear margins. Finally the corridor widens into a rather small elongate blotch, where much of the copious frass is compacted in the basal section. The mine is compressed in a limited space, and the final blotch often obliterates earlier parts of the mine.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Prunus cerasifera, domestica, dulcis, fruticosa, spinosa, tenella, webbii.

In central and northern Europe is P. spinosa is the only host plant (van Nieukerken, 1985a).


References to P. avium by Maček (1999a) and P. mahaleb by Drăghia (1967a) probably refer to Ectoedemia mahalebella.


Univoltine; larvae from end July – end October (Emmet, 1983a, van Nieukerken, 1985a).


BE recorded (van Nieukerken, 2006a; Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Britain, Germany, and Central Russia to the Pyrenees, Corsica, Italy, and Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Pale white. Described by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).


Nepticula, Stigmella spinosella.


Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Černý (2001a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a), Emmet (1970c, 1971a, 1983a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1936a, 1950c, 1958c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), ME & MA Kurz (2007a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (1997a, 2019a), Lhomme (1934d), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken (1985a, 1986a, 1993a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman, Koster, Kuchlein, van der Wolf & Wolschrijn (1993a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a, 2010a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).

Last modified 2.ii.2020