Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Glaucolepis lituanica

Glaucolepis lituanica (Ivinskis & van Nieukerken, 2012)

on Salvia

Glaucolepis lituanica: stem mine in Salvia pratensis

mine (from Ivinskis ao)


The larva mines an up to 23 cm long gallery in the bark of the stem, generally low in the plant. The mine is confined to one internodium, and mostly starts near the upper node. The full-grown larva leaves the mine through a semicircular exit slit, then immediately spins a cocoon, contiguous to the mine, below the epidermis.


Lamiaceae, narrowly monophagous

Salvia pratensis.


Larvae from mid-July till early August; univoltine.


Not known from the Benelux countries.

distribution within Europe

Lithuania, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece.


Larva yellow, head capsule pale brown. Feeding with dorsum upwards, final instar about 5 mm long.


Trifurcula lituanica.


Ivinskis, van Nieukerken & Rimsaite (2012a), Tokár, Laštůvka, Pastorális ao (2015a).

Last modified 2.iii.2018