Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parafomoria helianthemella

Parafomoria helianthemella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1860)

on Helianthemum

Parafomoria helianthemella: mine on Helianthemum nummularium

Helianthemum nummularium, Czech Republic, Northern Bohemia, Louny © Jindra Černý

Parafomoria helianthemella mine

Helianthemum nummularium, France; from van Nieukerken (1983b)


Egg at the upper side of the leaf; the chorion is flat, brownish. The mine is a narrow corridor, often following the leaf margin or a vein. Frass in a relatively thick central line, continuous at first, dispersed towards the end.

host plants

Cistaceae, monophagous

Helianthemum alpestre, canum, nummularium & subsp. obscurum, salicifolium.


Larvae from mid-June till late October; sometimes three generations (van Nieukerken, 1983b).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany and Poland to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria (Fauna Europaea, 2009); Iberia (Laštůvka & Laštůvka, 2015a).


Yellowish, described by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a). The larva lies venter upwards in the mine.


Nepticula, Stigmella helianthemella.

parasitoids, predators

Hemiptarsenus wailesellae.


Bouček (1959a), Buszko (1987a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1957a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kasy (1983a, 1985a, 1987a), Klimesch (1940a, 1950c, 1958c), Laštůvka & Laštuvka (1997a, 2005b, 2015a), van Nieukerken (1983b, 1985b, 1986a), van Nieukerken, Laštůvka & Laštuvka (2006a), Skala (1939a), Steuer (1995a), Šumpich, Žemlička & Dvořák (2013a), Szőcs (1968a, 1977a, 1981a).

Last modified 31.v.2022