Parafomoria ladaniphila (Mendes, 1910)

mine

Oviposition at the leaf upper side. Mine starts as a short, very narrow, almost invisible gallery, soon becoming a full depth circular blotch, in which the frass is concentrated in a circular spot in the centre, adhering to upper epidermis. The larva often hides beneath the aggregation of frass. The leaf swells in the position of the mine, forming a blister on the leaf underside. Puptation outside the mine; exit-slit on leaf-upperside (van Nieukerken, 1985b).

hostplants

Cistaceae, monophagous

Cistus ladanifer, laurifolius.

phenology

Larvae have been observed in February and March.

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Portugal, southern Spain (van Nieukerken, 1983b, 1985b).

larva

Yellowish, lying venter upwards in the mine. Meso- and metathorax with 10 pairs of setae.

synonyms

Stigmella ladaniphila.

references

Hering (1957a), A & Z Laštůvka (2014a), van Nieukerken (1983b, 1985b, 1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a), Skala (1939a).

mod 29.xi.2018