Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parafomoria pseudocistivora

Parafomoria pseudocistivora van Nieukerken, 1983

Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae

Parafomoria pseudocistivora mine

Cistus salvifolius, Sicily; from van Nieukerken (1983b)

Parafomoria pseudocistivora mine

Cistus monspeliensis, Tunisia; from van Nieukerken (1983b)


Ovipostion at the leaf upperside. Rather long, often contorted, narrow corridor that hardly widens towards the end. Frass in an interupted central line that never occupies over 1/3 of the corridor width. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Cistaceae, monophagous

Cistus albidus, creticus, crispus, salviifolius.


Larvae observed from the winter months till March; they aestivate in their cocoon.


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Probably the entire Mediterranean Region (van Nieukerken, 1983b)


Yellowish, lying venter upwards in the mine. Meso- and metathorax with 9 pairs of setae.


Confused with P. cistivora before 1983. One of the differences is in the shape of the ovipositor: long and acute in pseudocistivora, short and blunt in cistivora. Probably these are adaptations to oviposition on plants with hairy and hairless leaves, respectively.


Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a, 2005b), van Nieukerken (1983b, 1985b, 1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Zerafa & van Nieukerken (2011a).

Last modified 17.v.2020