Stigmella atricapitella (Haworth, 1828)

black-headed pigmy

mine

Oviposition at under- or upperside, usually well away from the leaf margin. The mine is a short, rather broad and quite tortuous corridor. In the first half the frass forms a very narrow central line; in the second half the frass is dispersed more widely, but never filling more than one third of the width of the gallery.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur.

Buhr (1936a) moreover reports from a botanical garden, Q. cerris subsp. austriaca, frainetto, macranthera, serrata; at that time the systematics of St. atricapitella and related species was still insufficiently sorted out, and the occurrence of atricapitella on wintergreen oaks is still in doubt.

phenology

Larvae in June – July and September – November (Emmet, 1983a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to Ireland, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Greece, and the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Yellow. The larva is described by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a). The larva has dark coloured sclerites in the prothorax; uncertain of this is a constant character.

synonyms

Nepticula atricapitella; Stigmella discrepans Sorhagen 1922.

references

Aguiar & Karsholt (2006a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a, 1972b), Buhr (1936a, 1964a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Drăghia (1968a, 1970a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1932g, 1934a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Johansson (1971a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1940a, 1950c, 1958c), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuchlein ao (1988a), Kurz (2016a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2008a, 2014a), Lhomme (1934d), Maček (1999a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken & Johansson (2003a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Nowakowski (1954a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1939a, 1941a, 1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Steuer (1995a), Stonis, Navickaitė, Rocienė ao (2013a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Tomov & Dimitrov (2007a), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 29.viii.2019