Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella carpinella

Stigmella carpinella (von Heinemann, 1862)

hornbeam pigmy

Stigmella carpinella: mine on Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus, Belgium, Liège; © Jean-Yves Baugnée, det. Erik van Nieukerken

Stigmella carpinella mine

Carpinus betulus, Duitsland (Baden-Württemberg), Baden-Weiler


Oviposition at the underside of the leaf, in the axil of a vein. The mine is a not very slender corridor. The first part is almost filled with frass; in the later part the frass lies in thick lumps. The trajectory of the mine is not angular, neither is it determined by the leaf venation. The discrimination between this mine and the one of Stigmella floslactella is difficult.

host plants

Betulaceae, oligophagous

Carpinus betulus, orientalis; Ostrya carpinifolia.


Larvae in Scandinavia in June – early-July and from August to deep in autumn (Johansson ao, 1990a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to Belgium, the Alps, Croatia, and Bulgaria, and from Britain to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Yellow; see the description by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).


Nepticula carpinella.


Ahr (1966a), Banytė, Diškus & Podėnas (0000a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1935a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Černý (2001a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1983a), Gustafsson (1985a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huemer & Mayr (2000a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a, 2006a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1942a, 1956c, 1958c), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a, 2005a), Lepiforum (2024), Maček (1999a), Martin (2012a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a, 2014a), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken, Laštuvka & Laštuvka (2006a), Nowakowski (1954a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins (1998a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a), Skorb, Diškus & Stonis (0000a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Steuer (1995a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Utech (1962a), Vávra (2016a.

Last modified 7.i.2024