Stigmella carpinella (von Heinemann, 1862)

hornbeam pigmy

Stigmella carpinella: mine on Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus, Belgium, Liège; © Jean-Yves Baugnée, det. Erik van Nieukerken

Stigmella carpinella mine

Carpinus betulus, Duitsland (Baden-Württemberg), Baden-Weiler

mine

Oviposition at the underside of the leaf, in the axil of a vein. The mine is a not very slender corridor. The first part is almost filled with frass; in the later part the frass lies in thick lumps. The trajectory of the mine is not angular, neither is it determined by the leaf venation. The discrimination between this mine and the one of Stigmella floslactella is difficult.

host plants

Betulaceae, oligophagous

Carpinus betulus, orientalis; Ostrya carpinifolia.

phenology

Larvae in Scandinavia in June – early-July and from August to deep in autumn (Johansson ao, 1990a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to Belgium, the Alps, Croatia, and Bulgaria, and from Britain to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Yellow; see the description by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).

synonyms

Nepticula carpinella.

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1935a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Černý (2001a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1983a), Gustafsson (1985a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1942a, 1956c, 1958c), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a)m Kurz (2016a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2005a), Maček (1999a), Martin (2012a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a, 2014a), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a), Nowakowski (1954a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins (1998a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Steuer (1995a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Utech (1962a).

mod 26.viii.2019