Stigmella catharticella (Stainton, 1853)

buckthorn pigmy

Stigmella catharticella mineStigmella catharticella mine

Rhamnus catharticus, Duin en Kruidberg

mine

Full depth corridor, beginning at an under-surface egg shell. The corridor makes several sharp turns, causing the loops to (mostly) almost touch each other. In the last section the corridor is appreciably wider. Frass olive green when fresh, brown later, coiled for most of the length of the corridor. Pupation outside the mine.

hostplants

Rhamnaceae, monophagous

Rhamnus cathartica, davunica, erythroxyloides, imeritina, saxatilis & subsp. tinctoria.

Alsop reported from Frangula alnus, but that is somewhat doutful.

phenology

Larvae in late June – July and September – October (Emmet, 1976a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (van Nieukerken, 2006b; Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Ahn, Palmberg).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Ireland to Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

synonyms

Nepticula catharticella.

references

Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1936a, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), J Černý (2001a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1976a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huisman & Koster (1999a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Kasy (1983a), Klimesch (1936a, 1958c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), ME & MA Kurz (2007a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Nowakowski (1954a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins (2004a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Steuer (1995a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 18.ii.2018