Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella catharticella

Stigmella catharticella (Stainton, 1853)

buckthorn pigmy

Stigmella catharticella mineStigmella catharticella mine

Rhamnus catharticus, Duin en Kruidberg


Full depth corridor, beginning at an under-surface egg shell. The corridor makes several sharp turns, causing the loops to (mostly) almost touch each other. In the last section the corridor is appreciably wider. Frass olive green when fresh, brown later, coiled for most of the length of the corridor. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Rhamnaceae, monophagous

Rhamnus cathartica, erythroxyloides, imeritina, saxatilis & subsp. tinctoria, virgata.

Alsop reported from Frangula alnus, but that is somewhat doubtful.


Larvae in late June – July and September – October (Emmet, 1976a). Bivoltine; hibernation as pupa.


BE recorded (van Nieukerken, 2006b; Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Ahn, Palmberg).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Ireland to Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Nepticula catharticella.


Arbeitsgemeinschaft Microlepidoptera Bayern (2017a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1936a, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), J Černý (2001a), Corley, Rosete, Romão ao (2015a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1976a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huisman & Koster (1999a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a, 2005a), Kasy (1983a), Klimesch (1936a, 1958c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kurz (2016a), Kurz & Kurz (2007a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Nowakowski (1954a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins (2004a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), De Prins, Steeman & Sierens (2016a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Steuer (1995a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 11.x.2023