Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella crataegella

Stigmella crataegella (Klimesch, 1936)

common thorn pigmy

Stigmella crataegella on Crataegus monogyna: vacated mine

Crataegus monogyna, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 15.vii.2020 © László Érsek: vacated mine

Stigmella crataegella on Crataegus monogyna: vacated mine

same mine, lighted from behind

Stigmella crataegella on Crataegus monogyna: frass pattern

frass pattern

Stigmella crataegella mine

Crataegus monogyna, Ommen, het Laer, 15.viii.2001

Stigmella crataegella mine

another mine


Egg at the underside of the leaf, often close to a vein; occasionally on the petiole. The mine is a corridor. In its first part the frass lies in a central line, later is is clearly coiled. The corridor makes some sharp hairpin turns, while the loops remain so close together that usually a secondary blotch is the result. The mine can cross lateral veins.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Crataegus laciniata, laevigata, monogyna, pentagyna, rivularis, spathulata; Crataemespilus grandiflora.


Larvae in June – July.


BE observed (van Nieukerken, 2006a).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Macedonia, and from Ireland to Poland and Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Bright green, head almost colourless. Described by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).


Nepticula crataegella.


When the mine is not so densely wound, confusion may arise with Stigmella oxyacanthella, but that is an autumn species.


Bengtsson (2008a), Buhr (1935b), Buszko (1987a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Černý (2001a), Deutsch (2012a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein, van Nieukerken, van der Wolf & Wolschrijn (1985a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921a, 1932g, 1957a), Huemer (1985a, 1988a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2009a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1936a, 1940a, 1948a, 1950c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1982a, 1986a, 2006a, 2021a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Nowakowski (1954a), Robbins (1991a), Schoorl ao (1985a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1941a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1968a, 1977a, 1978a, 1981a).

Last modified 31.viii.2021