Stigmella freyella (von Heyden, 1858)

Stigmella freyella mine

Calystegia sepium, Amsterdam 1947; L Vári leg.

Stigmella freyella mine

In the much more fleshy leaf of Calystegia soldanella the mine is shorter and less contorted (© Jan Scheffers, Hollandse Waterweg)

Stigmella freyella: mines on Calystegia soldanella

Calystegia soldanella Bloedbergduin © Jan Scheffers

mine

Egg at either side of the leaf. The corridor that follows is full depth, very narrow and often strongly wound. Frass in a narrow black central line.

host plants

Convolvulaceae, oligophagous

Calystegia sepium, soldanella; Convolvulus althaeoides, arvensis, elegans.

phenology

In Central Europe two generations per year, with larvae in June- July and August – September (Johansson ao, 1990a).

BENELUX

BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From the Netherlands, the Baltic States, and Russia southwards down to the Mediterranean (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Yellow; see the description in Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).

synonyms

Nepticula freyella.

notes

In the Netherlands a species of the coastal region.

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1979a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Drăghia (1970a, 1971a), Emmet (1983a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1932g, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2009a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a, 2004a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1936a, 1940a, 1950c, 1958c, 1978b), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2008a, 2014a), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Skala (1939a), Starý (1930a), Steuer (1995a), Stonis, Navickaitė, Rocienė ao (2013a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a).

mod 29.viii.2019