Stigmella hybnerella (Hübner, 1796)
greenish thorn pigmy
Crataegus monogyna, Nieuwendam
Oviposition at random point of the leaf, either at upper- or lower-surface. First a quite slender corridor is made, with a relatively broad, continuous, frass line, that always leaves a clear margin at either side; the corridor winds freely through the leaf. This initial corridor abruptly, often with a change in direction, widens into a blotch that mostly lies along the leaf margin. Pupation outside the mine.
In northern Europe Hawthorn is the only known host plant (Johansson eo, 19990a).
Hering (1957a) mentions the species also from Pyracantha coccinea. Skala(1939a) and Szőcs (1977a) also refer to Hippophae; given the close taxonomic proximity of Elaeagnaceae and Rosaceae this is not improbable.
Larvae in end May – June and end July – September (Emmet, 1983a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
LUX recorded (Ellis, Kautenbach, Dudelange).
distribution within Europe
Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
The larva is colourless, with a pale brown head (Emmet, 1983a; Johansson ea, 1990a). The pale brown head is an additional character to distinguish the species from Ectoedemia atricollis, which mine sometimes resembles the one of hybnerella.
Nepticula hybnerella; Stigmella ignobilella (Stainton, 1849).
Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), J Černý (2001a), Corley (2005a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Drăghia (1971a), Emmet (1071a, 1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1921a, 1957a), Huemer (1988a, 2012a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (199a), Kurz (2016a), A & A Laštuvka (1997a, 2005a, 2008a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Michna (1975a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a, 2014a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Schoorl ao (1985a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).