Stigmella lapponica (Wocke, 1862)

drab birch pigmy

Stigmella lapponica mine

Betula pubescens, Bergen NH

same mine, detail


Oviposition generally at the underside of the leaf. The mine is a slender corridor that hardly widens, even towards the end. The first third is stuffed with diffuse greenish brown frass. After a moult the frass pattern changes completely, into a very narrow, continuous black line. The mine often follows a thick vein over a long distance, but the larva is capable of crossing thick veins, even the midrib.


Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula humilis, nana, pendula, pubescens.


Larvae observed in Britain in June and early-July, with a few strays in October (Emmet, 1983a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Almost all Europe, except the Balkan Peninsula and the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Pale yellowish green, head dark; the larva lies venter-downwards in the mine. See Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) for a detailed description.


Nepticula lapponica; N. lusatica Schütze, 1904; Stigmella vossensis (Grønlien, 1927).


Ahr (1966a), Anisimovas, Diškus & Stonis (2006a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Černý (2001a), Csóka (2003a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), Grønlien (1927a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1927b, 1930b, 1934b, 1957a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1950c), Kozlov, van Nieukerken, Zverev & Zvereva (2013a), Kozlov & Zvereva (2016a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), A & Z Laštůvka (2014a), Z & A Laštůvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštůvka (2004a, 2006a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Nowakowski (1954a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Pröse (1995a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1939a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1977a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1970a).

mod 26.viii.2019