Stigmella lemniscella (Zeller, 1839)

red elm pigmy

Stigmella lemniscella: vacated mine on Ulmus spec.

Ulmus spec., Amsterdam, 24.vi.2018 © Cor Zonneveld; vacated mijn; the upper-surface exit slit is clearly visible.

Stigmella lemniscella mine

Ulmus minor, Duin en Kruidberg

Stigmella lemniscella mine

other mine, detail

Stigmella lemniscella mine

Ulmus, Nieuwendam; first section of the corridor entirely filled with frass

Stigmella lemniscella mine

Ulmus minor, Serooskerke, Schouwen Duiveland;larva in the mine

Stigmella lemniscella: cocoon

Ulmus, Belgium, prov. Liège, Huy, Vallée de la Solière © Stéphane Claerebout: cocoon

mine

Oviposition at upper or lower surface. Rather slender corridor mine, hardly widened in the end. The corridor often follows the leaf margin for some distance. The first section of the corridor is almost entirely filled with frass. Frass in the later part of the mine in more or less clear coils. Pupation external; exit slit invariably in upper epidermis.

host plants

Ulmaceae, monophagous

Ulmus glabra, laevis, minor, pumila.

phenology

Larvae in July and September-October (Emmet, 1983a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & Donner, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe, with possible exception of the Iberian Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

synonyms

Nepticula, Stigmella, marginecolella Stainton, 1853; N. fulvomacula Skala, 1936; N. lemniscella.

notes

In some populations mines do occur that are unusually compact. Such mines strongly resemble those of Stigmella viscerella, but the first part of the corridor forms a spiral, does not lie in “intestine-like” loops.

Stigmella lemniscella mine

Ulmus minor, Serooskerke Schouwen-Duiveland, de Schelphoek

references

Anisimovas, Diškus & Stonis (2006a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Braggion (2013a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), J Černý (2001a), Csóka (2003a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1930e, 1932g, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1936a, 1950c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), Kvičala (1938a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Michna (1975a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a), Lhomme (1934d), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Nowakowski (1954a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins (2007a), Richens (1963a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1941a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Steuer (1995a), Stolnicu (2008a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov Krusteva (2007a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 26.viii.2019