Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella luteella

Stigmella luteella (Stainton, 1857)

short-barred pigmy

Stigmella luteella mine

Betula pubescens, Duin en Kruidberg

Stigmella luteella: miine on Betula pendula

Betula pendula, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Retie, Prinsenpark © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Stigmella luteella:  egg

hypophyllous egg and first section van de mine


Egg at the underside of the leaf, mostly close to a vein. The mine is a fairly slender corridor that even towards the end hardly widens. The first part consists of a some close loops around the oviposition site; this part generally is lower-surface. The later part is much less contorted, with a frass line that occupies one third to one half the width of the gallery. The sides of the corridor are irregularly scalloped out. Usually no more than one mine per leaf. Pupation external, exit slit in the lower epidermis.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula nana, pendula, pubescens.


Larvae from August till November (Emmet, 1983a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Europe, with exception of the Balkan Peninsula.


Larva yellow, head light brown; lies venter-upwards in the mine. the ventral ganglia are colourless, inconspicuous. See Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) for a detailed description.


Nepticula luteella.


Is more than Stigmella betulicola found on mature trees (Emmet, 1983a).


Ahr (1966a), Bachmaier (1965a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Černý (2001a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1927b, 1957a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1936a, 1948a, 1950c, 1958c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Kozlov, van Nieukerken, Zverev & Zvereva (2013a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), Laštůvka & Laštuvka (1997a, 2005a, 2014a), Lepiforum (2024), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken, Laštůvka & Laštuvka (2006a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a, 2013a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Skorb, Diškus & Stonis (0000a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1977a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

Last modified 5.i.2024