Stigmella mespilicola (Frey, 1856)

Stigmella mespilicola mines

Amelanchier parviflora (left) and Cotoneaster racemiflorus, Anatolia; from Klimesch (1978b)

Stigmella mespilicola: vacated mine on Sorbus degenii

Sorbus degenii, Hungary, Budapest, botanical garden, 31.viii.2018 © László Érsek; det Erik van Nieukerken

Stigmella mespilicola: vacated mine on Sorbus degenii

same mine, closer look

Stigmella mespilicola: vacated mine on Sorbus degenii

another specimen

Stigmella mespilicola: occupied mine on Sorbus degenii

tenanted mine

Stigmella mespilicola: larva

larva

Stigmella mespilicola mine

Sorbus torminalis, Czechia, North Bohemia, Děčín © Jindra Černý

mine

Rather short, full depth, gradually widening corridor, the last section suddenly widened still a bit more into an elongated blotch. Frass in a central line, about 1/3 of the width of the corridor. Pupation outside the mine.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Amelanchier parviflora; Cotoneaster racemiflorus, salicifolius; Sorbus aria, degenii, latifolia, torminalis.

Hering (1957a) includes Cydonia as a host plant; this is not taken over by later authors.

To Johansson ao (1990a) no records were known from Hawthorn; therefore also the observation by Maček (1999a) of Crataegus laevigata as a host needs verification.

phenology

Larvae in July and September – October (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Found in Belgium in 2016 (Wullaert. 2017a).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Macedonia, and from Britain to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Yellowish green to yellow. The larva is described by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).

synonyms

Stigmella ariella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1860).

references

Baldizzone (2004a), Černý (2001a), Csóka (2003a), Hartig (1939a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1985a, 1988a), Johansson ao (1990), Kasy (1987a), Klimesch (1948a, 1950c, 1951b, 1958c, 1978b), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Lhomme (1934d), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Wullaert (2017a).

mod 6.ii.2019