Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella myrtillella

Stigmella myrtillella (Stainton, 1857)

bilberry pigmy

Stigmella myrtillella mine

Vaccinium myrtillus, Belgium, prov. Liège, Angleur, Streupas © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Stigmella myrtillella mine

Vaccinium myrtillus, Rhenen

Stigmella myrtillella: occupied mine on Vaccinium myrtillus

Vaccinium myrtillus, Belgium, prov. Limburg, Bokrijk © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Stigmella myrtillella: mine on Vaccinium uliginosum

Vaccinium uliginosum, Vragenderveen


Ovipostion at the leaf underside, usually near the midrib. Mine a contorted gallery, often a secondary blotch. Leaf around the mine often turns purple. Frass in a thick central line. Pupation external.

host plants

Ericaceae, monophagous

Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum.

Very rarely also on V. vitis-idaea (Skala, 1939a).


Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet, 1983a). Bivoltine; hibernation as pupa.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Huisman ea, 2001a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and northern Russia to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Ireland to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Yellow, head light brown (Johansson ao, 1990a); Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) give a detailed description.


Nepticula myrtillella.


Anisimovas, Diškus & Stonis (2006a), Beiger (1958a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), J Černý (2001a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Dziurzynski (1957a, 1958a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1950c, 1958c, 1989a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Lepiforum (2024), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Laštuvka & Laštuvka (2006a), van Nieukerken, Mutanen & Doorenweerd (2012a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Skala (1939a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Skorb, Diškus & Stonis (0000a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1977a).

Last modified 5.i.2024