Stigmella pretiosa (von Heinemann, 1862)
Geum urbanum, Denmark, Vaserne © Morten Kofoed-Hansen
Geum rivale, Austria, 1200 m; from Klimesch (1981a)
Egg usually at the upperside of the leaf. The mine is a long, strongly vein-determined corridor. In the first part the frass lies in a rather narrow, often interrupted central line; further on the frass line is broader and more diffuse. Frequently more than one mine in a leaf.
One generation; active larvae generally from mid September to mid October. In Poland, Germany and Austria all, or at least most, larvae hibernate in the mine; in Scandinavia the larvae leave the mine before winter (Johansson ao, 990a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Fennoscandia to the Alps, and from Scotland to the Baltic States and Slovakia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Yellow; described by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).
Stigmella bolli (Frey, 1873).
Anisimovas, Diškus & Stonis (2006a), Bengtsson (2008a), Bland (1997a), Buhr (1964a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1985a, 1988a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1981a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a), Lhomme (1934d), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a), van Nieukerken, Mutanen & Doorenweerd (2012a), Skala (1939a), Sønderup (1949a), Vávra, Liška, Němý ao (2008a).