Stigmella prunetorum (Stainton, 1855)

scarce sloe pigmy

on Prunus

Stigmella prunetorum: vacated mine on Prunus cerasifera

Prunus cerasifera, Hungary, Budapest, 10.x.2017 © László Érsek

Stigmella prunetorum: vacated mine on Prunus cerasifera

other image

Stigmella prunetorum: vacated mine on Prunus cerasifera

yet another

Stigmella prunetorum: vacated mine on Prunus cerasifera

lighted from behind

Stigmella prunetorum mine

Prunus spinosa, Belgium, prov. Liège, Fallais © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Stigmella prunetorum mine

another specimen

Stigmella prunetorum mine

old mines can become detached from the leaf

Stigmella prunetorum mine

Prunus spinosa, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Resteigne © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Stigmella prunetorum mine

Prunus spinosa, Hulshorst, de Bloemkampen; mine, lighted from behind

mine

Egg at the underside of the leaf, often close to a vein. The mine is a corridor, running in several half or whole circles around the oviposition site. Only the last segment breaks loose, and often runs along the leaf margin. The frass is greenish, lying in coils that are so wide as to almost completely fill the corridor.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous (?)

Prunus armeniaca, avium, brigantina, cerasifera, cerasus, cocomilia, domestica & subsp.insititia, fruticosa, spinosa, triloba.

Prunus domestica are spinosa the main hostplants. In the older literature also Crataegus and even Mespilus are mentioned. This is surprising, because the mines are so unmistakable.

phenology

Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet, 1983a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Probably most of Europe, except Ireland, the Iberian Peninsula, and the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Bottle green. The larva is described by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).

synonyms

Nepticula prunetorum; Stigmella ligustrella (Rossler, 1866).

references

Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1936a, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), J Černý (2001a), Csóka (2003a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Drăghia (1968a, 1971a, 1972a), Emmet (1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921a, 1932g, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1985a, 1988a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1936a, 1940a, 1950c, 1958c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), Kvičala (1938a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a), Lhomme (1934d), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Nowakowski (1954a), Popescu-Gorj Drăghia (1968a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Stammer (2016a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Stonis, Navickaitė, Rocienė ao (2013a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 25.xi.2019