Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella regiella

Stigmella regiella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)

purple-shot pigmy

Stigmella regiella: occupied mine on Crataegus spec.

Crataegus spec., Belgium, prov. East Flanders, Oudenaarde, bos t’Ename © Carina Van Steenwinkel: occupied mine

Stigmella regiella: vacated mine on Crataegus spec.

vacated mine

Stigmella regiella mine

Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, prov. Namur, Agimont © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Stigmella regiella: mine on Crataegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, prov. Liège, Flémalle-Haute © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Stigmella regiella mine

Mespilus germanica, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Thuin, Bois de la Frégène © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Stigmella regiella: vacated mines on Crataegus spec.

Crataegus spec., Belgium, prov.Antwerp, Mol © Carina Van Steenwinkel: here the mines have started from a egg on the petiole.


Egg mostly at the underside of the leaf, generally close to the leaf margin, sometimes on the petiole. The mine begins as a gallery that usually closely follows the leaf margin. The frass here is warm brown in colour and is indistinctly coiled. After a moult the larva starts making an elongate blotch; generally its direction is opposite to that of the initial gallery.

host plants

woody Rosaceae, oligophagopus

Crataegus laevigata, monogyna; Mespilus germanica.


Mines from August to November (Emmet, 1983a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Ellis, Kautenbach)

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except Ireland and probably Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Yellow (Emmet, 1983a; Gustafsson & van Nieukerken, 1990a).


Nepticula regiella; Stigmella corvimontana (Hering, 1935).


Preference for shaded situations.


Ahr (1966a), Bengtsson (2008a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Borkowski (1969a), J Černý (2001a), Drăghia (1968a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921a, 1935a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1988a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2009a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1936a, 1950c, 1989a), Klimesch & Skala (1936c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), Michna (1975a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a, 2021a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), De Prins, Steeman & Sierens (2016a), Robbins (1991a), Schoorl ao (1985a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

Last modified 13.ii.2021