Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella rhamnella

Stigmella rhamnella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1860)

on Frangula, Rhamnus

Stigmella rhamnella: occupied mine on Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica, Germany, Hesse, Volkmarsen, NSG Scheid, 28.ix.2019 © Hubertus Trilling

Stigmella rhamnella mines

Rhamnus saxatilis, Austria, Traunstein area; from Klimesch (1951b)

mine

Fairly long corridor, suddenly turning into an elongated, full depth blotch. The corridor may follow the precise leaf margin for a long distance. When this does not happen the corridor is laid in close loops, often more or less “intestine-like” in semicircles. In the first section of the corridor frass occupies almost all space, further up the frass line becomes somewhat narrower.

host plants

Rhamnaceae, oligophagous

Frangula alnus; Rhamnus alpina, cathartica, pumila, saxatilis.

Gustafsson (1981b) with reservation mentions Rh. alaternus.

phenology

Larvae in May – June (Hering, 1957a); 2-3 generations (Laštuvka & Laštuvka, 1997a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Denmark to the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from France to Romania and the Ukraine; also Estonia; not in the southern Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Green; see the description by Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a).

synonyms

Stigmella rhamnipumilae Klimesch, 1950.

references

Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Corley (2005a), Corley, Nunes, Rosete & Ferreira (2019a), Drăghia (1968a), Gustafsson (1981b), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1921b, 1932g, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1950c, 1951b, 1956c, 1958c), Klimesch & Skala (1936c), Kolbeck, Lichtmannecker & Pröse (2005a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Skala (1939a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Steuer (1995a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1968a, 1977a, 1981a).

Last modified 12.ii.2020