Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella rhamnophila

Stigmella rhamnophila (Amsel, 1934)

on Rhamnus

Stigmella rhamnophila mine

Rhamnus lycioides subsp. oleoides, Rhodes (from Klimesch, 1978b)


Fairly long corridor, suddenly turning into an elongated, full depth blotch. The corridor usually follows the precise leaf margin for a long distance. When this does not happen the corridor is laid in close loops, often more or less “intestine-like” in semicircles. In the first section of the corridor frass occupies almost all space, further up he frass line becomes somewhat narrower.

host plants

Rhamnaceae, oligophagous

Rhamnus alaternus, lycioides & subsp. graeca + oleoides, saxatilis.


Larvae in February – March (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Iberia, Italy, Greece (with islands), Cyprus, Israel (A & Z Laštůvka, 2011a; Fauna Europaea, 2009).




Amsel & Hering (1931a), Hering (1957a), Klimesch (1978b), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a, 2005a, 2011a), van Nieukerken (1986a).

Last modified 8.iv.2019