Stigmella salicis (Stainton, 1854)

sallow pigmy

Stigmella salicis mine

Salix cf cinerea, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Hensies © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Stigmella salicis mine

Salix cinerea, Orvelte

mine

Egg at the underside of the leaf, mostly close to a vein or the leaf margin. The mine, a corridor, is rather variable, mostly strongly contorted, sometimes even forming a secondary blotch, but at times only a little sinuous, running along a vein or following the leaf margin. The frass line is broad, especially in the first half of the mine.

host plants

Salicaceae, (almost) monophagous

Myrica gale; Salix alba, arbuscula, aurita, babylonica, caprea, cinerea & subsp. oleifolia, daphnoides, x fragilis, glabra, lanata, pentandra, purpurea, repens & subsp. rosmarinifolia, reticulata, retusa, silesiaca, triandra, viminalis.

Sallows (Salix aurita, caprea, cinerea, phylicifolia and their hybrids) are the most import hostplants by far. Mines on narrow-leaved willows are very difficult to distinguish from those of St. obliquella. Only occasionally the species occurs on Myrica (Myricaceae).

phenology

Larvae in June – June and again September – early-November (Emmet, 1983a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach).

distribution within Europe

Europe, except the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

synonyms

Nepticula salicis; N. uniformis von Heineman, 1871; N. dewitziella Sorhagen, 1885; Stigmella auritella (Skala, 1939); Nepticula arbusculae Klimesch, 1951. A DNA analysis has shown that the species actually consists of a complex, still unresolved (van Nieukerken ao, 2012a).

references

Anisimovas, Diškus & Stonis (2006a), Baldizzone (2004a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), J Černý (2001a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Drăghia (1968a, 1971a, 1972a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Grandi (1931a, 1933a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Johansson ao (1990a), Kasy (1965a), Klimesch (1936a, 1950c, 1951e, 1958c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2005a, 2014a), Maček (1999a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a, 2014a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, Mutanen & Doorenweerd (2012a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Nowakowski (1954a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins (1998a, 2007a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

mod 21.iii.2019