Stigmella suberivora (Stainton, 1869)
Quercus coccifera, France, Corse, Haute Corse © Stéphane Claerebout
same mine, lighted from behind
position of the egg: hypophyllous!
Egg at the upperside of the leaf (but see note below). The mine is an irregular, broad corridor with a conspicuous, broad, black frass line that almost fills the gallery, leaving only a narrow transparant zone at either side. Pupation external.
Quercus coccifera, ilex, rotundifolia, suber.
Two generations: larvae in July – August and again in November – late -January, early-April (Emmet, 1883a).
not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From the south of Britain to the Iberian Peninsula, Sardinia, Sicily, and Serbia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Yellow; laying dorsum upwards in the mine. Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) give a description.
Nepticula suberivora, N. ilcivora Peyerimhoff, 1871.
Both Hering (1967a) as Borkowski (1972b) and Emmet (1983a) write the the egg is deposition at the upperside of the leaf. That is not in accordance with the image above.
Amsel & Hering (1933a), Borkowski (1972b), Buhr (1930a), Emmet (1971a, 1974c, 1983a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1932e, 1934a, 1936b, 1957a, 1967a), Johansson (1971a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch & Skala (1936c), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2008a, 2011a, 2014a), Z & A Laštůvka (2009b), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken & Johansson (2003a), Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1939a), Soffner (1942a), Triberti & Braggio (2011a).