Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella suberivora

Stigmella suberivora (Stainton, 1869)

holm-oak pigmy

Stigmella suberivora: vacated mine on Quercus cocifera

Quercus coccifera, France, Corse, Haute Corse © Stéphane Claerebout

Stigmella suberivora: vacated mine on Quercus cocifera

same mine, lighted from behind

Stigmella suberivora: vacated mine on Quercus cocifera

position of the egg: hypophyllous!


Egg at the upperside of the leaf (but see note below). The mine is an irregular, broad corridor with a conspicuous, broad, black frass line that almost fills the gallery, leaving only a narrow transparant zone at either side. Pupation external.


Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus coccifera, ilex, rotundifolia, suber.


Two generations: larvae in July – August and again in November – late -January, early-April (Emmet, 1883a).


First observation in Belgium in 2020 (Wullaert ao).

distribution within Europe

From the south of Britain to the Iberian Peninsula, Sardinia, Sicily, and Serbia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Yellow; laying dorsum upwards in the mine. Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) give a description.


Nepticula suberivora, N. ilcivora Peyerimhoff, 1871.


Both Hering (1967a) as Borkowski (1972b) and Emmet (1983a) write the the egg is deposition at the upperside of the leaf. That is not in accordance with the image above.


Amsel & Hering (1933a), Borkowski (1972b), Buhr (1930a), Emmet (1971a, 1974c, 1983a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1932e, 1934a, 1936b, 1957a, 1967a), Johansson (1971a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch & Skala (1936c), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2008a, 2011a, 2014a), Z & A Laštůvka (2009b), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken & Johansson (2003a), Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1939a), Soffner (1942a), Triberti & Braggio (2011a), Wullaert, Recour & van Nieukerken (2023a).

Last modified