Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella tityrella

Stigmella tityrella (Stainton, 1854)

small beech pigmy

Stigmella tityrella mine

Fagus sylvatica, Reusel

Stigmella tityrella mine

Fagus sylvatica, Arnhem, Sonsbeek

Stigmella tityrella larva

Fagus sylvatica, Kraggenburg


Oviposition at the underside of the leaf, in the axil of a vein. From there a corridor, that does not widen much, zigzags between two lateral veins in the direction of the leaf margin. Frass at first in a narrow central line. Later the frass becomes widely dispersed; it never lies in coils.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Fagus sylvatica.


Larvae in June – July and again August – October (Emmet, 1983a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach).

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except European Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Nepticula tityrella; N. brunnensis Skala, 1939; N. turicella Herrich-Schäffer, 1855.


Baldizzone (2004a), Beiger (1980a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Csóka (2003a), Deutsch (2012a), Diškus, Navickaitė & Stonis (2011a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Emmet (1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Freriks (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1935a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1950c, 1958c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kurz (2016a), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Michna (1975a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2011a, 2014a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Nowakowski (1954a), Plóciennik, Pawlikiewicz & Jaworski (2011a), De Prins (1998a, 2007a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1941a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Steuer (1995a), Šumpich (2017a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

Last modified 22.ii.2023