Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella viscerella

Stigmella viscerella (Stainton, 1853)

plain elm pigmy

on Ulmus

Stigmella viscerella: mine on Ulmus

Ulmus spec., Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Chimay, Etang de Virelles © Stéphane Claerebout

Stigmella viscerella: mine on Ulmus

Ulmus spec., Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin, Zône Industriel le long de l’Eau Blanche © Stéphane Claerebout; det. Erik van Nieukerken

Stigmella viscerella: larvae in mine on Ulmus

mine and larva lighted from beeind

Stigmella viscerella: mine on Ulmus spec.

Ulmus spec., Belgium, prov. Namur, Chimay, Étang de Virelles © Stéphane Claerebout

Stigmella viscerella: larva



Very compact mine; a strongly contorted corridor in “intestine-like”, zigzagging loops; only the very last part of the corridor is free. Frass in the first and in the final part of the mine black, warm brown and coiled in the central section, and, except for the last section, occupying the entire width of the gallery. Fresh mines have a striking red brown colour. In the two mines that I know th mine was placed at the lower side in one, upper side, on a vein, in the second.

host plants

Ulmaceae, monophagous

Ulmus minor, plotii.


Larvae in September (Emmet, 1983a); however, the picture above was made in mid-August.


BE Found in 2014 by Stéphane Claerebout; pictures above.

NE not recorded (Fauna Europaaa, 2009); see also the note below.

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Central and southern Europe, including the UK, but excluding the Iberian Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2008).


Bright green (Emmet, 1983a).


Nepticula viscerella.


Strongly wound mines of Stigmella lemniscella can resemble deceivingly those of viscerella. Such mines for some time have led to the supposition that viscerella did occur in the Netherlands, until DNA-research disproved the identification. Galleries of viscerella start by making a number of zigzag loops; moreover the larvae are green, not yellow.


Beiger (1980a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Drăghia (1970a, 1972a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), Groschke (1944), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1930a, 1957a), Klimesch (1936a, 1978b), Kurz (2016a), Kurz & Kurz (2007a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Maček (1999a), Navickaitė, Diškus & Stonis (2014), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken, Laštuvka & Laštuvka (2006a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 13.x.2020